Sinusitis can occur due to a virus from having flu or cold. It can also be a result of bacteria and fungi growth. When the mucus is stuck inside the sinuses, germs start to spread and create the infection. Chemicals can also stir up the mucus build up.
Additionally, having allergic reactions and asthma may increase a person's risk of developing sinusitis. Nasal polyps and nasal tumors can also lead to inflammation, and a misaligned nasal septum could also be the cause of repeated sinus infections and inflammation.
Sinusitis naturally goes away with out treatment, but if symptoms last for more than one or two weeks or if you are experiencing headaches and fever, you should consult your doctor.
What are the symptoms of sinusitis?
The symptoms can be different depending on the severity and extent of the infection.
Acute sinusitis is short and usually occurs after a cold and lasts from 7–10 days.
Chronic sinusitis is longer, recurring constantly and lasts for more than 12 weeks.
Here are the common symptoms :
● Nasal discharge
● Congestion in the nasal pathways
● Sore Throat
● Nose itching and sneezing
● Swelling around the eyes and cheeks
● Facial and ear pain
● Bad breath
Sinusitis is diagnosed based on physical examination.The nasal cavity will be checked using an otoscope, which is used to look into noseas well as the ears.
How do you treat sinusitis?
You can start by drinking lots of fluids and getting plenty of rest. The treatment options below can help improve your symptoms :
● Use OTC saline nasal sprays.
● Take mucus thinners, decongestants and or antihistamines.
● Avoiding smoking, cigarettes cause a nasal pollutant.
● Take antibiotics - this only works for sinus infections caused by bacteria but it won't treat sinusitis caused by viruses.
● Sinus surgery may be recommended in some serious cases.
Cover your nose and mouth when you sneeze or cough to help reduce the risk of spreading any infectious disease.
You can prevent sinusitis by practicing a good hand hygiene and staying off from people with colds and respiratory problems.
Keep your home clean especially from dust and animal hair and avoid allergens. Try using a humidifier to moisturize the air at home this will provide relief from suffering sinus problems, sore throat,dry cough, asthma and allergies.
Breathe easy and feel better again, call Acadia Women’s Health and get the right care you deserve.